SharePoint 2019 Requirements

/ Andreas Glaser

How to successfully prepare your SharePoint Server 2019 installation including hardware and software requirememts for SQL Server and Windows Server, domain requirements as well as administrative and service accounts.

Install SharePoint 2019 - The Complete E-Book:

Overview

SharePoint has many different hardware, software, domain and account requirements which must be met before you can successfully install and configure SharePoint Server 2019. Otherwise you will lose a lot of time and you may have to restart from the beginning.

While SharePoint 2019 software requirements changed a little bit the hardware requirements are the same compared to the previous SharePoint version.

Please make sure you meet all SharePoint 2019 requirements to successfully install SharePoint.

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1. What are the SharePoint 2019 Hardware requirements?

Please meet the following SharePoint 2019 hardware requirements for Microsoft SQL Server and Windows Server [2].

Even if you have a different scenario with different requirements those numbers are a good starting point because they are based on Microsoft's experience with SharePoint.

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1.1 SharePoint 2019 SQL Server Hardware requirements

SQL Server is used to store the configuration database and content databases.

SQL Server is used to store the configuration database and content databases


You can use the SQL Server hardware requirements below although they are based on SharePoint 2013 [3].

There's no documentation for SharePoint Server 2019 but they are a good starting point for SharePoint 2019.


This table shows which SQL Server hardware is required to run SharePoint 2019.
Number of Users CPU Amount of RAM Amount of Hard Disk space
Fewer than 1,000 users
Small deployments
64-bit, 4 cores 8 GB 80 GB for system drive +
additional storage [3]
Between 1,000 to 10,000 users
Medium deployments
64-bit, 8 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive +
additional storage

Please read "Storage and SQL Server capacity planning and configuration (SharePoint Server)" [4] to estimate your own requirements:

  • E.g. SQL Server memory is directly related to the size of the content databases.

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1.2 SharePoint 2019 Windows Server Hardware requirements

SharePoint runs on one or more dedicated Windows Servers.

The following SharePoint 2019 requirements are minimum hardware requirements and depending on your scenario you need to exceed them:


This table shows which Windows Server hardware is required to run SharePoint 2019 in a 3-tier farm.
Number of Users CPU Amount of RAM Amount of Hard Disk space
n-tier farm,
Development or Evaluation,
Minimum Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 12 GB 80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive
n-tier farm,
Pilot, User Acceptance or Production,
All Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive


This table shows which Windows Server hardware is required to run SharePoint 2019 on a single server.
Number of Users CPU Amount of RAM Amount of Hard Disk space
Single server,
Development or Evaluation,
Minimum Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive
Single server,
Pilot, User Acceptance or Development
All Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 24 GB 80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive

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2. What are the SharePoint 2019 Software Requirements?

If you want to install SharePoint you are required to use the software mentioned below [5]. Those are minimum software requirements and you can't get around them.

Note: SharePoint 2013 offered a 'single server with built-in database' installation type which automatically installed Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 with SP1 - Express Edition. This option isn't available with SharePoint Server 2019.

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2.1 SharePoint 2019 SQL Server Software requirements

SharePoint 2019 only supports one of the following versions of Microsoft SQL Server:

  • SQL Server 2016 RTM
  • SQL Server 2017 RTM for Windows
  • SQL Server 2019 RTM
  • Future version of SQL Server for Windows that supports database compatibility level 130



Microsoft SQL Server Edition requirements

The decision which edition of SQL Server to use depends on different requirements like PowerPivot, High availability [6] and other features [7]:

This table shows which version of SQL Server is required for a specific SharePoint 2019 supported feature.
Required Feature Version of SQL Server Supported by Standard Supported by Enterprise
Power Pivot [8] 2016 / 2017 / 2019 - yes
Power View [9] 2016 / 2017 / 2019 - yes
Database mirroring* 2016 / 2017 / 2019 yes** yes
AlwaysOn Failover Cluster 2016 / 2017 / 2019 yes*** yes
Always On Availability Groups 2016 / 2017 / 2019 - yes
Backup compression 2016 / 2017 / 2019 yes yes
Transparent data encryption 2016 / 2017 / 2019 - yes

* This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server [10]
** Availability for the Configuration database requires the full recovery model of the SQL Server Enterprise version [11]
*** Supports only 2 nodes


SharePoint 2019 SQL Server feature requirements

SQL Server has the following minimum feature requirements:

  • Database Engine Services

SharePoint 2019 SQL Server feature requirements


SharePoint 2019 SQL Server Tips

Please also make sure you respect the following SQL Server best practices by Microsoft, e.g.:

  • Set the max server memory to be less than the amount of the installed RAM. Set the max server memory to be less than the amount of the installed RAM

  • Keep max degree of parallelism (MAXDOP) to 1 for instances of SQL Server that host SharePoint databases. Keep max degree of parallelism (MAXDOP) to 1 for instances of SQL Server that host SharePoint databases

  • Do not enable auto-create statistics on SharePoint content databases.
  • Do not manually restrict database size in SQL Server.


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2.2 SharePoint 2019 Windows Server Software requirements

In order to install SharePoint Server 2019 you need one of the following versions of Windows Server:

  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit
  • Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit
  • Windows Server 2022 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit

Windows Server must be installed using Server with Desktop Experience



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3. What are the prerequisites for SharePoint 2019?

There are a lot of SharePoint 2019 prerequisites you need to install and you need to exactly match them.

SharePoint 2019 prerequisites must be installed before SharePoint Server 2019.


If you don't have a running SQL Server instance you also need to download SQL Server.

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3.2 SharePoint 2019 Download

You can download SharePoint Server 2019 from Microsoft:

SharePoint Server 2019


During installation you can use the following trial product key:

  • Enterprise trial product key: M692G-8N2JP-GG8B2-2W2P7-YY7J6
  • Standard trial product key: F2DPD-HPNPV-WHKMK-G7C38-2G22J

Note: You must use an Enterprise product key for SharePoint to enable Project Server 2019.


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3.3 SharePoint 2019 download Language Packs

You can download SharePoint Server 2019 Language Packs from Microsoft:

SharePoint Server 2019 Language Pack


Note: Changing the language on the download page changes the language of the language pack to the selected language.

Language packs or not part of your SharePoint Server 2019 requirements. They are additional installations.

You don't need to install a language pack for English if you install the English version of SharePoint Server 2019.


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4. Are there SharePoint 2019 Domain requirements?

SharePoint Server 2019 doesn't support single-label domain names like 'domain'. Please use instead 'domain.com' [12].

SharePoint Server 2019 doesn't support single-label domain names  like 'domain'. Please use instead 'domain.com'.


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5. Are there SharePoint 2019 Virtualization requirements?

If you're using virtualization products to run SharePoint Server you need to pay attention to the following limitations. [13]

Please make sure you meet the following SharePoint virtualization requirements.


The following virtualization features are not supported by SharePoint Server:

  • Dynamic Memory
    Please allocate a fixed amount of RAM to your virtual machine running SharePoint Server. Hyper-V Dynamic Memory or VMware Memory Ballooning are not supported.

  • Virtual machine online backups
    Backing up running virtual machines leads to an inconsistent state of the SharePoint farm because the backup doesn’t happen at the same time for every server in the farm.
    If you need to backup virtual machines you need to shut down every server which is part of the SharePoint farm including Microsoft SQL Server. You also need to restore every virtual machine during the restore process.

  • Virtual machine snapshots
    "If a snapshot of SharePoint is required, shut down all SharePoint Servers and SQL Servers in the farm prior to taking a virtual machine snapshot. If a restore is required, restore all servers in the farm. Delete the snapshot as soon as possible as it may incur a performance penalty." [14]

  • Differencing disks
    Microsoft suggest not using differencing disks for a long period of time because of performance issues. Therefore, I suggest not using them at all.

  • Virtual machine replication

  • SAN (Storage Area Network) replication of SharePoint Server virtual disks

Creating Virtual Machine Templates is supported. You can install SharePoint Server prerequisites, SharePoint Server and updates. You can save your virtual machine as a template as long as the Configuration Wizard has not been run.

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6. What are the SharePoint 2019 Account requirements?

In order to install SharePoint Server 2019, you need to have at least 3 accounts.


You also need additional accounts for content you store and SharePoint services you use:

SharePoint 2019 Service Accounts

In SharePoint content can be accessed using Web Applications and your personal content can be accessed using a Web Application called My Sites.

A Service Application describes a concept providing additional functionality you can use within your Web Applications like Search.

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6.1 Which SharePoint 2019 installation accounts do I need?

You must have the following domain accounts for the initial deployment [15]:

This table shows the required SharePoint Server 2019 Installation accounts.
Account type Account name (example)
SQL Server Service domain\sqlSvcAcc
SharePoint Farm Administrator domain\spAdmin
SharePoint Farm Account domain\spFarmAcc

SQL Server Service Account

The SQL Server service account is used to run SQL Server and should be a domain account. Microsoft SQL Server is required to store data from SharePoint and companies usually have a dedicated team of database administrators.

If you are a small startup or want to create an isolated environment you need to take care of this account.


SharePoint Farm Administrator

The setup administrator is used to install and configure SharePoint Server 2019.


SharePoint Farm Account

The farm account is used:

  1. for configuration and management of the server farm by SharePoint itself,
  2. as an application pool account for Central Administration and
  3. to run the Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service.

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6.2 Which SharePoint 2019 Service Accounts do I need?

Service Applications [18] provide additional functionality for your sites and require a lot of different accounts. Sometimes one Service Application requires more than one account so you may want to group accounts by Service Application.

However, a better way is to group Service Applications by account.




Application Pool Account for Service Applications:

This table shows the required SharePoint Server 2019 Service Accounts.
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
Access Services
Access Services 2013
App Management Service
Business Data Connectivity service
Machine Translation service
Managed Metadata Service
PerformancePoint Service
PowerPoint Conversion Service*
Search Service
Secure Store Service
Usage and Health Data Collection Service*
User Profile Service
Visio Graphics Service
Word Automation services
domain\spService Must be a domain user account.

* Only available using PowerShell, aren't displayed in Central Administration





Unattended Service Accounts (Accounts for accessing External Data):

PerformancePoint Services or Visio Graphics Service can access and display data from external sources. You may need an unattended service account in certain cases [20]. This kind of account is stored inside the Secure Store Service Application in SharePoint.

This table shows the required SharePoint Server 2019 Service Accounts for Accessing External Data.
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
PerformancePoint Service
Visio Graphics Service
domain\spUnattended Must be a domain user account.



Search Accounts:

This table shows the required SharePoint Server 2019 Service Accounts for Search.
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
Search Service (The default content access account is used by the indexer to access content) domain\spSearchDCA Must have Read Access to the content being crawled.
Search Service (Optional separate content access account used with a custom crawl rule) domain\spSearchCA Must have Read Access to the content being crawled.



Synchronization Connection Account:

This table shows the required SharePoint Server 2019 Service Accounts for User Profiles.
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
User Profile Service (Inside the User Profile Service Application, you can create connections to directories where your company’s user profile information is stored. Each connection needs an account to access the directory.) domain\spUPSync Must be a domain user account. Replicating Directory Changes permissions on the domains being synchronized.

SharePoint 2019 Service Account Permissions

"The SharePoint Products Configuration Wizard (Psconfig) and the Farm Configuration Wizard, both of which are run during a complete installation, configure many of the SharePoint baseline account permissions and security settings." [16]

So there's nothing to prepare right now.


SharePoint 2019 Service Account Best Practice

Please have a look at Service account recommendations if you want to know more.


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6.3 Which SharePoint 2019 Web Application Accounts do I need?

Any kind of site you create in SharePoint like Team Sites are part of a Web Application and a Web Application requires an Application Pool plus Application Pool Account [16] to run:

This table shows required SharePoint Server 2019 Application Pool Accounts for Web Applications.
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account for Content Sites, e.g. Team Sites domain\spAppPool
Application Pool Account for My Sites domain\spAppPool

It is recommended that you use one account for both Web Applications if you don’t have special isolation requirements for the content you store [17]. Both accounts:

  • Must be a domain user account created in Active Directory.
  • Must not be a member of the SharePoint Farm Administrators group.

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6.4 Summary

So, if you plan to configure SharePoint you usually need additional domain accounts depending on your needs:

This table shows a summary of required Application Pool accounts.
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account for Content Sites, e.g. Team Sites domain\spAppPool
Application Pool Account for My Sites domain\spAppPool

And:

This table shows a summary of required service accounts.
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account (for Service Applications) domain\spService
Unattended Service Account domain\spUnattended
Default Content Access domain\spSearchDCA
Optional Content Access domain\spSearchCA
Synchronization Connection domain\spUPSync


At this point you need to decide which isolation requirements the business owner needs. I suggest requesting all accounts from your Domain Administrator at once. This scenario applies to most companies, SharePoint farms and isolation requirements.

Anyway, your business owner might have more isolation requirements if you’re working e.g. for a bank. You can use the list above as a starting point and enhance it with new accounts based on your requirements.

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Install SharePoint 2019 - The Complete E-Book:

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