SharePoint 2016 Requirements

    |    Andreas Glaser

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Install SharePoint 2016 - The Complete E-Book:

Overview

SharePoint has specific hardware, software, domain and account requirements before you can successfully install it. You need to meet them before you can start your installation to minimize waiting time and mistakes.

SharePoint 2016 includes the usual slightly different hardware and software requirements compared to the previous version which must be met.


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1. SharePoint 2016 Hardware Requirements

The following numbers are based on TechNet [2].

While this documentation can't apply to the different needs each company has they are based on Microsofts experience with SharePoint.

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1.1 SQL Server

The numbers below are based on SharePoint 2013 [3] because there's no documentation for SharePoint 2016.

Anyway, the following numbers can be seen as a starting point for SharePoint 2016.


SharePoint 2016 - SQL Server Hardware requirements
Scenario CPU RAM Hard Disk
Fewer than 1,000 users
Small deployments
64-bit, 4 cores 8 GB 80 GB for system drive +
additional storage [3]
Between 1,000 to 10,000 users
Medium deployments
64-bit, 8 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive +
additional storage

Please read "Storage and SQL Server capacity planning and configuration (SharePoint Server 2016)" [4] to estimate your own requirements:

  • E.g. SQL Server memory is directly related to the size of the content databases.

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1.2 Windows Server (used to install SharePoint)

The following numbers are minimum values and depending on your scenario you need to exceed them:



SharePoint 2016 Hardware requirements - 3-tier farm
Scenario CPU RAM Hard Disk
3-tier farm,
Development or Evaluation,
Minimum Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 12 GB 80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive
3-tier farm,
Pilot, User Acceptance or Production,
All Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive


SharePoint 2016 Hardware requirements - Single Server
Scenario CPU RAM Hard Disk
Single server,
Development or Evaluation,
Minimum Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive
Single server,
Pilot, User Acceptance or Development
All Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 24 GB 80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive

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2. SharePoint 2016 Software Requirements

Software requirements are depending on the type of server you are going to setup [5].

Note: SharePoint 2013 offered a ‘single server with built-in database’ installation type which automatically installed SQL Server 2008 R2 with SP1 - Express Edition. This option isn’t available with SharePoint 2016.

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2.1 SQL Server

SharePoint 2016 needs one of the following version of SQL Server:

  • SQL Server 2014 SP1, 64 bit
  • SQL Server 2016 RTM



SQL Server Edition requirements

The decision which version and edition of SQL Server to use depends on different requirements like PowerPivot, High availability [6] and other features [7]:

SharePoint 2016 - Required SQL Server Editions
Requirement SQL Server version Standard Enterprise
Power Pivot [8] 2016 - yes
Power View [9] 2016 - yes
Database mirroring* 2014, 2016 yes yes
AlwaysOn Failover Cluster 2014, 2016 yes** yes
Always On Availability Groups 2014, 2016 - yes
Backup compression 2014, 2016 yes yes
Transparent data encryption 2014, 2016 - yes
Remote BLOB storage 2014, 2016 - yes

* This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server [10]
** Supports only 2 nodes


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2.2 Windows Server (SharePoint 2016 prerequisites)

SharePoint 2016 needs to be installed on one of the following versions of Windows Server:

  • Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit
  • Windows Server 2016 R2 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit

Each Windows Server where you want to install SharePoint also needs the SharePoint 2016 prerequisites:

  • Microsoft .NET Framework version 4.6
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Native Client
  • Microsoft WCF Data Services 5.6
  • Microsoft Information Protection and Control Client
  • Microsoft Sync Framework Runtime v1.0 SP1 (x64)
  • Microsoft Identity Extensions
  • Windows Server AppFabric 1.1
  • Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server
  • Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012
  • Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2015

The following updates are also needed:

  • Cumulative Update Package 7 for Microsoft AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server

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3. Domain Requirements

SharePoint 2016 doesn’t support single-label domain names like 'domain'. Please use instead 'domain.com' [11].

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4. Administrative & Service Accounts

In order to install SharePoint 2016, you need to have at least 3 accounts.


You also need additional accounts for content you store and SharePoint services you use.

SharePoint 2016 Service Accounts

In SharePoint content can be accessed using Web Applications and your personal content can be accessed using a Web Application called My Sites.

A Service Application describes a concept providing additional functionality you can use within your Web Applications like Search.

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4.1 Installation Accounts

For the initial deployment, you must have the following domain accounts [12]:

SharePoint 2016 Installation accounts
Account type Account name (example)
SQL Server Service domain\sqlSvcAcc
SharePoint Setup Administrator domain\spAdmin
SharePoint Farm Account domain\spFarmAcc

SQL Server Service Account

The SQL Server service account is used to run SQL Server and should be a domain account. SQL Server is required to store data from SharePoint and companies usually have a dedicated team of database administrators.

If you are a small startup or want to create an isolated environment you need to take care of this account.


SharePoint Setup Administrator

The setup administrator is used to install and configure SharePoint 2016.


SharePoint Farm Account

The farm account is used:

  1. for configuration and management of the server farm by SharePoint itself,
  2. as an application pool account for Central Administration and
  3. to run the Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service.

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4.2 Application Pool Accounts for Web Applications

Any kind of site you create in SharePoint like Team Sites are part of a Web Application and a Web Application requires an Application Pool plus Application Pool Account [13] to run:

SharePoint 2016 Application Pool Accounts for Web Applications
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account for Content Sites, e.g. Team Sites domain\spAppPool
Application Pool Account for My Sites domain\spAppPool

You can use one account for both Web Applications if you don’t have special isolation requirements for the content you store. Both accounts:

  • Must be a domain user account created in Active Directory.
  • Must not be a member of the SharePoint Farm Administrators group.

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4.3 Application Pool Accounts for Service Applications

Service Applications [14] provide additional functionality for your sites and require a lot of different accounts. Sometimes one Service Application requires more than one account so you may want to group accounts by Service Application.

A better way to group accounts is based on their account requirements. While this looks complicated it makes sense since you have fewer accounts to create.




Application Pool Account for Service Applications:

SharePoint 2016 Application Pool Account for Service Applications
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
Access Services
Access Services 2013
App Management Service
Business Data Connectivity service
Machine Translation service
Managed Metadata Service
PerformancePoint Service
PowerPoint Conversion Service*
Secure Store Service
Usage and Health Data Collection Service*
User Profile Service
Visio Graphics Service
Word Automation services
domain\spService Must be a domain user account.

* Only available using PowerShell, aren’t displayed in Central Administration




Unattended Service Accounts (Accounts for accessing External Data):

If you want to access external data sources or refresh data with Excel Services, PerformancePoint Services or Visio Graphics Service you may need an unattended service account in certain cases [15]. This kind of account is stored inside the Secure Store Service Application.

SharePoint 2016 Accounts for Accessing External Data
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
PerformancePoint Service
Visio Graphics Service
domain\spUnattended Must be a domain user account.



Search Accounts:

SharePoint 2016 Accounts for Search
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
Search Service (The Search Engine runs as a Windows Service using this account) domain\spSearch Must be a domain user account.
Search Service (The default content access account is used by the indexer to access content) domain\spSearchDCA Must have Read Access to the content being crawled.
Search Service (Optional separate content access account used with a custom crawl rule) domain\spSearchCA Must have Read Access to the content being crawled.



Synchronization Connection Account:

SharePoint 2016 Accounts for User Profiles
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
User Profile Service (Inside the User Profile Service Application, you can create connections to directories where your company’s user profile information is stored. Each connection needs an account to access the directory.) domain\spUPSync Must be a domain user account. Replicating Directory Changes permissions on the domains being synchronized.

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4.4 Summary

So, if you plan to configure SharePoint you usually need additional domain accounts depending on your needs:

SharePoint 2016 Required Accounts Summary
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account for Content Sites, e.g. Team Sites domain\spAppPool
Application Pool Account for My Sites domain\spAppPool

And:

SharePoint 2016 Required Accounts Summary
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account (for Service Applications) domain\spService
Application Pool Account #2 (for SharePoint Apps) domain\spServiceApps
Unattended Service Account domain\spUnattended
Search Service domain\spSearch
Default Content Access domain\spSearchDCA
Optional Content Access domain\spSearchCA
Synchronization Connection domain\spUPSync

As you can see there is listed an additional Application Pool account 'domain\spServiceApps' which is specific to the use of SharePoint 2016 apps to achieve more isolation between apps and content.

At this point you need to decide which isolation requirements the business owner needs. I suggest requesting all accounts from your Domain Administrator at once. This scenario applies to most companies, SharePoint farms and isolation requirements.

Anyway, your business owner might have more isolation requirements if you’re working e.g. for a bank. You can use the list above as a starting point and enhance it with new accounts based on your requirements.

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Install SharePoint 2016 - The Complete E-Book:

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