SharePoint 2019 Requirements

    |    Andreas Glaser

See how to plan your SharePoint 2019 installation

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Install SharePoint 2019 - The Complete E-Book:

Overview

SharePoint has many different hardware, software, domain and account requirements which must be met before you can successfully install and configure it. Otherwise you will lose a lot of time and you may have to restart from the beginning.

While SharePoint 2019 software requirements changed a little the hardware requirements are the same compared to the prvious SharePoint version.


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1. SharePoint 2019 Hardware Requirements

The following numbers are based on Microsoft Docs [2].

Even if you have a different scenario with different requirements those numbers are a good starting point because they are based on Microsoft's experience with SharePoint.

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1.1 SQL Server

You can use the SQL Server hardware requirements below although they are based on SharePoint 2013 [3].

There's no documentation for SharePoint 2019 but they are a good starting point for SharePoint 2019.


SharePoint 2019 - SQL Server Hardware requirements
Scenario CPU RAM Hard Disk
Fewer than 1,000 users
Small deployments
64-bit, 4 cores 8 GB 80 GB for system drive +
additional storage [3]
Between 1,000 to 10,000 users
Medium deployments
64-bit, 8 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive +
additional storage

Please read "Storage and SQL Server capacity planning and configuration (SharePoint Server)" [4] to estimate your own requirements:

  • E.g. SQL Server memory is directly related to the size of the content databases.

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1.2 Windows Server (used to install SharePoint)

The following numbers are minimum values and depending on your scenario you need to exceed them:



SharePoint 2019 Hardware requirements - 3-tier farm
Scenario CPU RAM Hard Disk
3-tier farm,
Development or Evaluation,
Minimum Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 12 GB 80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive
3-tier farm,
Pilot, User Acceptance or Production,
All Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive
80 GB for second drive


SharePoint 2019 Hardware requirements - Single Server
Scenario CPU RAM Hard Disk
Single server,
Development or Evaluation,
Minimum Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 16 GB 80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive
Single server,
Pilot, User Acceptance or Development
All Services enabled
64-bit, 4 cores 24 GB 80 GB for system drive
100 GB for second drive

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2. SharePoint 2019 Software Requirements

If you want to use SharePoint you are required to use the software mentioned below [5].

Note: SharePoint 2013 offered a ‘single server with built-in database’ installation type which automatically installed SQL Server 2008 R2 with SP1 - Express Edition. This option isn’t available with SharePoint 2019.

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2.1 SQL Server

SharePoint 2019 only supports one of the following versions of SQL Server:

  • SQL Server 2016 RTM
  • SQL Server 2017 RTM for Windows



SQL Server Edition requirements

The decision which edition of SQL Server to use depends on different requirements like PowerPivot, High availability [6] and other features [7]:

SharePoint 2019 - Required SQL Server Editions
Requirement SQL Server version Standard Enterprise
Power Pivot [8] 2016 / 2017 - yes
Power View [9] 2016 / 2017 - yes
Database mirroring* 2016 / 2017 yes** yes
AlwaysOn Failover Cluster 2016 / 2017 yes*** yes
Always On Availability Groups 2016 / 2017 - yes
Backup compression 2016 / 2017 yes yes
Transparent data encryption 2016 / 2017 - yes

* This feature will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server [10]
** Availability for the Configuration database requires the full recovery model of the SQL Server Enterprise version [11]
*** Supports only 2 nodes


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2.2 Windows Server (SharePoint 2019 prerequisites)

In order to install SharePoint 2019 you need one of the following versions of Windows Server:

  • Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit
  • Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter, 64 bit

Each Windows Server where you want to install SharePoint also needs the SharePoint 2019 prerequisites:

  • Microsoft .NET Framework version 4.7.2
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Service Pack 4 Native Client
  • Microsoft WCF Data Services 5.6
  • Microsoft Information Protection and Control Client
  • Microsoft Sync Framework Runtime v1.0 SP1 (x64)
  • Microsoft Identity Extensions
  • Windows Server AppFabric 1.1
  • Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2012
  • Visual C++ Redistributable Package for Visual Studio 2017

The following updates are also needed:

  • Cumulative Update Package 7 for Microsoft AppFabric 1.1 for Windows Server

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3. Domain Requirements

Like other versions before SharePoint 2019 doesn’t support single-label domain names like 'domain'. Please use instead 'domain.com' [12].

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4. Administrative & Service Accounts

In order to install SharePoint 2019, you need to have at least 3 accounts.


You also need additional accounts for content you store and SharePoint services you use:

SharePoint 2016 Service Accounts

In SharePoint content can be accessed using Web Applications and your personal content can be accessed using a Web Application called My Sites.

A Service Application describes a concept providing additional functionality you can use within your Web Applications like Search.

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4.1 Installation Accounts

You must have the following domain accounts for the initial deployment [13]:

SharePoint 2019 Installation accounts
Account type Account name (example)
SQL Server Service domain\sqlSvcAcc
SharePoint Setup Administrator domain\spAdmin
SharePoint Farm Account domain\spFarmAcc

SQL Server Service Account

The SQL Server service account is used to run SQL Server and should be a domain account. SQL Server is required to store data from SharePoint and companies usually have a dedicated team of database administrators.

If you are a small startup or want to create an isolated environment you need to take care of this account.


SharePoint Setup Administrator

The setup administrator is used to install and configure SharePoint 2019.


SharePoint Farm Account

The farm account is used:

  1. for configuration and management of the server farm by SharePoint itself,
  2. as an application pool account for Central Administration and
  3. to run the Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service.

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4.2 Application Pool Accounts for Web Applications

Any kind of site you create in SharePoint like Team Sites are part of a Web Application and a Web Application requires an Application Pool plus Application Pool Account [14] to run:

SharePoint 2019 Application Pool Accounts for Web Applications
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account for Content Sites, e.g. Team Sites domain\spAppPool
Application Pool Account for My Sites domain\spAppPool

It is recommended that you use one account for both Web Applications if you don’t have special isolation requirements for the content you store [15]. Both accounts:

  • Must be a domain user account created in Active Directory.
  • Must not be a member of the SharePoint Farm Administrators group.

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4.3 Application Pool Accounts for Service Applications

Service Applications [16] provide additional functionality for your sites and require a lot of different accounts. Sometimes one Service Application requires more than one account so you may want to group accounts by Service Application.

A better way is to group Service Applications by account.




Application Pool Account for Service Applications:

SharePoint 2019 Application Pool Account for Service Applications
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
Access Services
Access Services 2013
App Management Service
Business Data Connectivity service
Machine Translation service
Managed Metadata Service
PerformancePoint Service
PowerPoint Conversion Service*
Search Service
Secure Store Service
Usage and Health Data Collection Service*
User Profile Service
Visio Graphics Service
Word Automation services
domain\spService Must be a domain user account.

* Only available using PowerShell, aren’t displayed in Central Administration





Unattended Service Accounts (Accounts for accessing External Data):

Excel Services, PerformancePoint Services or Visio Graphics Service can access and display data from external sources. You may need an unattended service account in certain cases [18]. This kind of account is stored inside the Secure Store Service Application in SharePoint.

SharePoint 2019 Accounts for Accessing External Data
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
PerformancePoint Service
Visio Graphics Service
domain\spUnattended Must be a domain user account.



Search Accounts:

SharePoint 2019 Accounts for Search
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
Search Service (The default content access account is used by the indexer to access content) domain\spSearchDCA Must have Read Access to the content being crawled.
Search Service (Optional separate content access account used with a custom crawl rule) domain\spSearchCA Must have Read Access to the content being crawled.



Synchronization Connection Account:

SharePoint 2019 Accounts for User Profiles
Service Application Account name (example) Requirement
User Profile Service (Inside the User Profile Service Application, you can create connections to directories where your company’s user profile information is stored. Each connection needs an account to access the directory.) domain\spUPSync Must be a domain user account. Replicating Directory Changes permissions on the domains being synchronized.

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4.4 Summary

So, if you plan to configure SharePoint you usually need additional domain accounts depending on your needs:

SharePoint 2019 Required Accounts Summary
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account for Content Sites, e.g. Team Sites domain\spAppPool
Application Pool Account for My Sites domain\spAppPool

And:

SharePoint 2019 Required Accounts Summary
Account type Account name (example)
Application Pool Account (for Service Applications) domain\spService
Unattended Service Account domain\spUnattended
Default Content Access domain\spSearchDCA
Optional Content Access domain\spSearchCA
Synchronization Connection domain\spUPSync

At this point you need to decide which isolation requirements the business owner needs. I suggest requesting all accounts from your Domain Administrator at once. This scenario applies to most companies, SharePoint farms and isolation requirements.

Anyway, your business owner might have more isolation requirements if you’re working e.g. for a bank. You can use the list above as a starting point and enhance it with new accounts based on your requirements.

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Install SharePoint 2019 - The Complete E-Book:

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